Basic Information

The Konda Reddies also known as Hill Reddy, are classified as a PTG (Primitive Tribal Group) and are one of the most backward tribal groups in the State inhabiting both banks of the Godavari river in the hilly and forest tracts of Khammam district.  They live in the interior forest areas and are largely cut off from the mainstream.  They were traditionally shifting cultivators and a few continue to practice this but in recent times they have gradually adopted settled agriculture and horticulture.  The Kondareddies who inhabit the fringe areas of the plains have become settled cultivators but those living in the vicinity of the hill areas are still resorting to shifting cultivation.  Forest labour, collection of MFP and basket making are subsidiary sources of livelihood.

Kondareddies constitute just 1.7% of the total tribal population of Andhra Pradesh.  They live in a very primitive stage of development in the hunter, food gatherer stage of human civilization.  They call themselves Pandava Reddies after the five Pandava brothers, the great heroes of Mahabharatha, from whom they descent.

Telugu is their mother tongue. They speak chaste Telugu with an accent of their own.  They are educationally very backward with only 2% of them are literate.

Normally, their bodily constitution will be of little stout body, short legs, copper or chocolate colour.  This group belongs to very primitive ADIVASI, the face will be just like a heart. There will be small beard nose just like arrow and clear nost holes, incomplete lips small mouth curling long hairs.

There are no totemic clans like Koyas among Kodareddies. The surnames or ‘Intiperlu’ only regulate matrimonial relations.  The following surnames are commonly found among kondareddies:

Ketchala 2. Vetla 3. Aragantala 4. Gurukuntla 5. Murla 6. Katakala 7. Sokula etc.

In olden days there were no clothes also to wear.  They used to cover their bodies with leaves and animal skins in olden days.  In recent years i.e since last 20 years onwards all of them are using clothes, by observing civilized society as well as interacting with civilized society.

SNo

Name of the Mandal

No.of PTG Habitations

House Holds

Population

1

Kunavaram

16

233

849

2

Chintoor

27

312

1165

3

VR Puram

20

1031

2628

4

Aswaraopeta

7

280

834

5

Dammapeta

1

42

128

6

Velairpad

12

548

1841

Total:

83

2446

7445